Windy City Media Group Frontpage News
Celebrating 30 Years of Gay Lesbian Bisexual and Trans News
home search facebook twitter join
Gay News Sponsor Windy City Times 2018-07-11
DOWNLOAD ISSUE
About WCMG Publications News Index  Entertainment Features Bars & Clubs Calendar Videos Advertisers OUT! Guide    Marriage

Sponsor

  WINDY CITY TIMES

Highly gender nonconforming teens at greater risk of bullying and violence, study finds
From a Williams Institute news release
2018-03-22

facebook twitter google +1 reddit email


LOS ANGELES — A new study investigating gender expression and victimization of youth ages 13-18 found that the most gender nonconforming students reported higher levels of being bullied and were more likely to report missing school than their more gender-conforming peers because they felt unsafe. They were also the most likely to report being victimized with a weapon on school property.

Gender nonconforming is a term to describe people who do not conform to societal expectations for masculine or feminine appearance and behavior. The study measured gender expression by asking adolescents how they thought people at school would describe their "appearance, style, dress or the way they walk or talk along a continuum of very feminine to very masculine." Girls who thought they were seen as very masculine and boys who thought they were seen as very feminine were categorized as highly gender nonconforming.

"Previous research on gender nonconformity and violence among youth has focused primarily on sexual minorities," said lead author Allegra Gordon, a research scientist at Boston Children's Hospital. "However, youth of any sexual orientation may be gender nonconforming. Our study found that while LGB students were more likely to report a nonconforming gender expression, the majority of nonconforming youth were heterosexual. This underscores the importance of creating violence-prevention programs that address gender expression in addition to sexuality and gender identity."

Researchers analyzed data collected from 5,469 students ages 13-18 from four urban school districts, including San Diego, Los Angeles, Chicago and Broward County, Fla. Respondents were 51 percent Hispanic/Latino, 21 percent black/African American and 14 percent white.

Key findings include

The most gender nonconforming students were more likely to experience in-school and electronic bullying than other students. Reports of being bullied increased with each level of gender nonconformity measured: each step towards the most gender nonconforming end of the spectrum was associated with 15% greater odds of being bullied.

Among highly gender nonconforming students, 14.4% of girls and 23.5% of boys reported having been in a fight in the past year.

Highly conforming students ( e.g., girls who thought they were seen as very feminine and boys who thought they were seen as very masculine ) were also at increased risk of being in a fight compared to moderately conforming students; however, the likelihood of having been in a fight was the highest among the most gender nonconforming students.

Highly gender nonconforming girls were nine times more likely to be victimized with a weapon, compared to moderately gender nonconforming girls ( 36% and 4%, respectively ).

Currently, 19 U.S. states have enumerated anti-bullying laws that prohibit bullying and harassment of students based on sexual orientation and gender identity/gender expression that cover gender nonconformity. Thirty-one states do not have laws that specifically protect students from bullying based on these characteristics. In addition to state-level protections, a number of courts have interpreted Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 to prohibit discrimination and harassment against students based on their nonconformity with gender stereotypes.

"Bullying can have negative effects on academic performance, physical and mental health, and future earnings," said study author Kerith Conron, Blachford-Cooper Distinguished Scholar and research director at the Williams Institute. "Efforts to promote school safety that encompass attitudes about gender are likely to benefit LGBT and heterosexual youth alike and to reduce economic costs associated with poor health and other adverse social conditions."

The study, Gender Expression, Violence, and Bullying Victimization: Findings from Probability Samples of High School Students in 4 School Districts, was published inJournal of School Health and co-authored by Allegra R. Gordon, Kerith J. Conron, Jerel P. Calzo, Matthew T. White, Sari L. Reisner and S. Bryn Austin.

The Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, a think tank on sexual orientation and gender identity law and public policy, is dedicated to conducting rigorous, independent research with real-world relevance.


facebook twitter google +1 reddit email





Windy City Media Group does not approve or necessarily agree with the views posted below.
Please do not post letters to the editor here. Please also be civil in your dialogue.
If you need to be mean, just know that the longer you stay on this page, the more you help us.


  ARTICLES YOU MIGHT LIKE

Gay News

Day of Unity makes HIV/AIDS a social justice issue 2018-07-12 - According to activist Rev. Doris Green, who heads up Chicago-based Men and Women in Prison Ministries, the Day of Unity, which this year ...


Gay News

EJAF Founder Elton John and Duke of Sussex to announce new global AIDS coalition 2018-07-12 - NEW YORK — July 12, 2018 — The Elton John AIDS Foundation ( EJAF ), an international leader in the global fight to ...


Gay News

One Million Kids for Equality Comments on Child Welfare Provider Inclusion Act 2018-07-12 - Seattle, WA ( July 12, 2018 )- Yesterday the U.S. House of Representatives' Appropriations Committee passed the Child Welfare Inclusion Act ( CWIA ...


Gay News

Out and Sober, beating dual stigma 2018-07-11 - Tucked away on Chicago's West Side, the Gateway Foundation's Chicago Independence location is helping recovering addicts from the LGBTQ community get back on ...


Gay News

Transgender veterans as healthy as cisgender veterans, study finds 2018-07-11 - Transgender veterans differ only on the likelihood of having at least one disability A new study finds that the mental and physical health ...


Gay News

New program to serve LGBT military with mental illnesses, substance abuse 2018-07-09 - ( WASHINGTON ) July 9, 2018 — Today, OutServe-SLDN and Strive Health ( Strive ) and Veteran & First Responder Healthcare ( VFR ...


Gay News

GenForward surveys millennials' views on LGBT issues: race, identity, experience 2018-07-09 - Do more Millennials self-identify as LGBTQ than in past generations… or are they just more open about it? Are they more connected to ...


Gay News

BSA conducting needs assessment 2018-07-04 - Brave Space Alliance ( BSA ) is doing a "Dedicated Trans Needs Assessment" this month. This will be inclusive to the trans and ...


Gay News

Trans community holds second annual event at Hollywood Beach 2018-07-04 - The Trans Liberation Collective, with the support of Brave Space Alliance and Rebirth Garments held its second Annual Trans Day at the Beach ...


Gay News

PrideIndex celebrates 11th Annual Esteem Awards 2018-07-04 - On June 30 ( during Windy City Black Pride Week ), about 50 local residents, family and friends of the LGBTQ community and ...


 



Copyright © 2018 Windy City Media Group. All rights reserved.
Reprint by permission only. PDFs for back issues are downloadable from
our online archives. Single copies of back issues in print form are
available for $4 per issue, older than one month for $6 if available,
by check to the mailing address listed below.

Return postage must accompany all manuscripts, drawings, and
photographs submitted if they are to be returned, and no
responsibility may be assumed for unsolicited materials.
All rights to letters, art and photos sent to Nightspots
(Chicago GLBT Nightlife News) and Windy City Times (a Chicago
Gay and Lesbian News and Feature Publication) will be treated
as unconditionally assigned for publication purposes and as such,
subject to editing and comment. The opinions expressed by the
columnists, cartoonists, letter writers, and commentators are
their own and do not necessarily reflect the position of Nightspots
(Chicago GLBT Nightlife News) and Windy City Times (a Chicago Gay,
Lesbian, Bisexual and Transegender News and Feature Publication).

The appearance of a name, image or photo of a person or group in
Nightspots (Chicago GLBT Nightlife News) and Windy City Times
(a Chicago Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender News and Feature
Publication) does not indicate the sexual orientation of such
individuals or groups. While we encourage readers to support the
advertisers who make this newspaper possible, Nightspots (Chicago
GLBT Nightlife News) and Windy City Times (a Chicago Gay, Lesbian
News and Feature Publication) cannot accept responsibility for
any advertising claims or promotions.

 

 

 

TRENDINGBREAKINGPHOTOS

Sponsor
Sponsor
Sponsor
Sponsor
Sponsor


 



Sponsor

About WCMG Publications News Index  Entertainment Features Bars & Clubs Calendar Videos Advertisers OUT! Guide    Marriage


About WCMG      Contact Us      Online Front  Page      Windy City  Times      Nightspots      OUT! Guide     
Identity      BLACKlines      En La Vida      Archives      Subscriptions      Distribution      Windy City Queercast     
Queercast Archives      Advertising  Rates      Deadlines      Advanced Search     
Press  Releases      Event Photos      Join WCMG  Email List      Email Blast     
Upcoming Events      Todays Events      Ongoing Events      Post an Event      Bar Guide      Community Groups      In Memoriam      Outguide Categories      Outguide Advertisers      Search Outguide      Travel      Dining Out      Blogs      Spotlight  Video     
Classifieds      Real Estate      Place a  Classified     

Windy City Media Group produces Windy City Queercast, & publishes Windy City Times,
The Weekly Voice of the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Trans Community,
Nightspots, Out! Resource Guide, and Identity.
5315 N. Clark St. #192, Chicago, IL 60640-2113 • PH (773) 871-7610 • FAX (773) 871-7609.